CÂU BỊ ĐỘNGTháng Hai 8, 2017 8:33 sáng
1 SỐ CẤU TRÚC CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG NÂNG CAO
1.S+ see/make/hear +sb +do sth = sb tobe seen/made/heard + to do sth
Thấy/bắt/nghe thấy ai đó làm gì = ai đó bị thấy/bắt/nghe thấy làm gì
People often see him leave home early = he is often seen to leave home early
Mọi người thường thấy anh ta rời nhà sớm = anh ta thường bị thấy rời nhà sớm
Someone heard her sing late at night = she was heard to sing late at night
Ai đó đã nghe thấy cô ấy hát muộn ban đêm = cô ấy bị nghe thấy hát muộn ban đêm
- S+ see/hear/watch/feel sb + doing sth = sb tobe seen/heard/watched/felt + doing sth
Some one saw him driving a car = he was seen driving a car
Ai đó nhìn thấy anh ta đang lái xe = anh ta bị nhìn thấy đang lái xe
No one has ever heard her singing = she hasn’t been heard singing
Không ai nghe thấy cô ta đang hát = cô ta không được nghe thấy đang hát
- S + want sb to do sth = S+ want sth tobe done by sb
Muốn ai đó làm gì = muốn cái gì được làm bởi ai đó
She wants to feed the baby every 3 hours = she wants the baby tobe fed every 3 hours
Cô ấy muốn cho con ăn 3 giờ 1 lần = cô ấy muốn đứa trẻ được ăn 3 giờ 1 lần
He doesn’t want anybody to use his phone = he doesn’t want his phone tobe used by anyone
Anh ấy không muốn ai đó sử dụng điện thoại
- S + arrange to do sth = S + arrange for sth tobe done
Sắp xếp để làm cái gì = sắp xếp cho cái gì được làm
They arrange to meet us by taxi = they arrange for us tobe met by taxi
They arrange to decorate the christmas tree with colorful lights = they arrange for the Christmas tree tobe decorated with colourful lights
- S + suggest/ advise/ recommend + ving sth = S+ suggest/ advise/ recommend that sth should be + p2
Đề nghị/khuyên/đề xuất làm gì = đề nghị/khuyên/đề xuất rằng cái gì nên được làm
Someone suggested making the exam easier = someone suggested that the exam should be made easier
She recommended installing a phone = she recommended that a phone should be installed
- S+ V + V-ing = S + V + being done
He wore dark glasses to avoid people recognizing him = he wore dark glasses to avoid being recognized
She was afraid of someone attacking her = she was afraid of being attacked
- S + used to +V = S + used to be + pp2
She used to bring up children in a traditional way = children used to be brought in a traditional way
- people say that he is a spy It is said that he is a spy
He is said to be a spy
Những động từ khác cũng được sử dụng như cấu trúc này
Think (nghĩ rằng) / believe (tin)/ consider (cho rằng)/ understand/ expect (mong rằng)/ know/ report (thông báo)
People think that the ship is unsinkable = it is thought that the ship is unsinkable / the ship is thought to be unsinkable
- it’s possible / impossible to do sth = sth can/can’t be done
Nó là có thể hoặc không thể làm cái gì = cái gì đó có thể hoặc không thể được làm
It’s impossible to grow rice on such a poor soil = rice can’t be grown on such a poor soil
It’s possible to purify this water = this water can be purified
- it’s necessary/unnecessary to do sth = sth should / shouldn’t be done
It’s necessary to keep your feet warm = your feet should be kept warm
It’s unnecessary to learn the poem by heart = the poem shouldn’t be learnt by heart
- it’s one’s duty to do sth = sb tobe supposed to do sth
Trách nhiệm của ai đó phải làm gì = ai đó có trách nhiệm làm gì
It’s children’s duty to obey their parents = children are supposed to obey their parents =>
It’s your duty to solve this problem = you are supposed to solve this problem
- it’s essential to do sth/ it’s essential not to do sth = sth must be done/ sth musn’t be done
Cần thiết phải làm cái gì/ không cần thiết phải làm cái gì
It’s essential to send this letter by airmail = this letter must be sent by airmail
It’s essential not to damage the environment.
BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG
Exercise for passive voice: special structures
- They would take care children better
- If it were lighter, I would take more photos
- If they had operated, they would have saved his life
- They would have helped him if they had known his condition
- People often see him leave home early
- Someone heard her sing late at light
- The teacher makes pupils learn by heart
- Someone saw him driving a car
- Everybody felt the house shaking
- No one has ever heard her singing
- The detective is watching them talking
- They let him do whatever he liked
- They won’t let you go in without an invitation
- Don’t let anyone read this letter
- He let his assistant deal with this matter
- I won’t let anyone tough this
- The coach wants to choose him for the national team
- She wants to feed the baby every 3 hours
- He doesn’t want anyone use his phone
- They arrange to meet ua by taxi
- They arrange to hold a meeting in thia city
- Someone suggested making the examination easier
- He recommended inviting only relatives
- She was afraid of someone attacking her
- They used to study this class
- She used to bring up children in a tradditional way
- You have to finish this work today
- They are having to dig a big hole
- People say that he is a spy
- People think that the rich are not always happy
- It’s possible to purify this water
- It’s impossible to replace him
- It’s essential to send this letter by airmail
- It’s nessesary to keep your feet warm
- It’s unnessary to learn the poem by heart
- It’s your duty to obey the rule
- People understand that knowledge is power
- They think I am lazy
- Is it necessary to wake him up?
- They used to teach children at home
EXERCISE 1: CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG.
1.They told me that you were the best architect in this city.
2.She reported that the flowers were killed by frost.
3.Some people inform me that the director is going to take a business trip to England.
4.That officer announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.
5.He discovered that this cotton was grown in Egypt.
6.They promise that the performance will start on time.
7.He recommends that we should stay at the city center.
8.We believed that Alice would pass the driving test.
9.The director notifies all the workers that they will have to work extra hard this month.
10.They have persuaded me that they will go with me to the stadium.
11.They have decided that the company will go to the beach together at the weekend.
12.People think that Maradona is the best football player in the 20th century.
13.They find that the job is not suitable for a girl like her.
14.The teacher explained that this powerful engine pulled the train.
15.He told me that his football team had played well last season.
EXERCISE 2:CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG.
1.I had my nephew paint the gate last week.
2.She will have Peter wash her car tomorrow.
3.They have her tell the story again.
4.John gets his sister to clean his shirt.
5.Anne had had a friend type her composition.
6.Rick will have a barber cut his hair.
7.I will get the dressmaker to make a new dress.
8.He had a mechanic repair his car.
9.She often gets the technician to maintain the heater.
10.They had the police arrest the shoplifter.
11.Are you going to have the shoemaker repair your shoes?
12.I must have the dentist check my teeth.
13.She will have a veterinary surgeon examine her dog.
14.We had a man take this photograph when we were on holiday last summer.
15.The Greens had a carpet cleaner clean their carpet.
EXERCISE 3: CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG.
- People believe that 13 is an unlucky number.
- They know that English is an international language.
- I have heard her sing this song several times..
- People saw him steal your car.
- They say that John is the brightest student in class.
- Open your book. / let your book be opened
- She advised me to sell that house.
- It is dangerous for us to take the short cut..
- They think that he has died a natural death. …
- He won’t let you do that silly thing again.
- He orders us to clean the floor.
- You must see it to believe it.
- People believe that the earth stood still.
- People don’t make the children work hard
- Don’t do that silly thing again.
- They begged us to help him
Key phần một số dạng đặc biệt của bị động
Key EXERCISE 1
- I was told that you were the architect in this city.
- It was reported that the flowers were killed by frost. / The flowers were reported to be killed by frost.
- I am informed that the director is going to take a business trip to England.
- It was announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.
- It was discovered that this cotton was grown in Egypt.
- It is promised that the performance will start on time.
- It is recommended that we should stay at the city center.
- It was believed that Alice would pass the driving test./ Alice was believed to pass the driving test.
- All the workers are notified that they will have to work extra hard this month.
- I have been persuaded that they will go with me to the stadium.
- It has been decided that the company will go to the beach together at the weekend.
- It is thought that Maradona is the best football player in the 20th century./ Maradona is thought to be the best football player in the 20th century.
- It is found that the job is not suitable for a girl like her./ The job is found to be not suitable for a girl like her.
- It was explained that this powerful engine pulled the train.
- I was told that his football team had played well last season.
- I had the gate painted last week.
- She will have her car washed tomorrow.
- They have the story told again.
- John gets his shirt cleaned.
- Anne has had her composition typed.
- Rick will have his hair cut.
- I will get a new dress made.
- He had his car repaired.
- She often gets the heater maintained.
- They had the shoplifter arrested.
- Are you going to have your shoes repaired?
- I must have my teeth checked.
- She will have her dog examined.
- We had this photograph taken when we were on holiday last summer.
- The Greens had their carpet cleaned.
- It is believed that 13 is an…/ 13 is believed to be an unlucky number
- It is known that English is an…./ English is known to be an international language
- / she have heard this song to sing several times
- . / he was seen to steal your car
- ./ it is said that……/ john is said to be the brightest.
- . / let your book be opened
- . / I was advised to sell/ she advised me that house should be sold
- / it is dangerous for the short cut to be taken
- / it is said that he has…./ he is though to have died a natural
- / you won’t be let to do that….
- / we are order to clean../ he orders us that the floor should be cleaned.
- / is must be seen to be believed.
- / it is believed that the earth…/ the earth is believed to have stood still.
- . / the children are not made to work hard.
- / don’t let that silly thing to be done again.
- . / we were begged he should be helped