CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG

Tháng Hai 8, 2017 8:33 sáng

1 SỐ CẤU TRÚC CÂU BỊ ĐỘNG NÂNG CAO

1.S+  see/make/hear +sb  +do sth = sb tobe seen/made/heard + to do sth

Thấy/bắt/nghe thấy ai đó làm gì = ai đó bị thấy/bắt/nghe thấy làm gì

People often see him leave home early = he is often seen to leave home early

Mọi người thường thấy anh ta rời nhà sớm = anh ta thường bị thấy rời nhà sớm

Someone heard her sing late at night = she was heard to sing late at night

Ai đó đã nghe thấy cô ấy hát muộn ban đêm = cô ấy bị nghe thấy hát muộn ban đêm

  1. S+ see/hear/watch/feel sb + doing sth = sb tobe seen/heard/watched/felt + doing sth

Some one saw him driving a car = he was seen driving a car

Ai đó nhìn thấy anh ta đang lái xe = anh ta bị nhìn thấy đang lái xe

No one has ever heard her singing = she hasn’t been heard singing

Không ai nghe thấy cô ta đang hát = cô ta không được nghe thấy đang hát

  1. S + want sb to do sth = S+ want sth tobe done by sb

Muốn ai đó làm gì = muốn cái gì được làm bởi ai đó

She wants to feed the baby every 3 hours = she wants the baby tobe fed every 3 hours

Cô ấy muốn cho con ăn 3 giờ 1 lần = cô ấy muốn đứa trẻ được ăn 3 giờ 1 lần

He doesn’t want anybody to use his phone = he doesn’t want his phone tobe used by anyone

Anh ấy không muốn ai đó sử dụng điện thoại

  1. S + arrange to do sth = S + arrange for sth tobe done

Sắp xếp  để làm cái gì = sắp xếp cho cái gì được làm

They arrange to meet us by taxi = they arrange for us tobe met by taxi

They arrange to decorate the christmas tree with colorful lights = they arrange for the Christmas tree tobe decorated with colourful lights

  1. S + suggest/ advise/ recommend + ving sth = S+ suggest/ advise/ recommend that sth should be + p2

Đề nghị/khuyên/đề xuất làm gì = đề nghị/khuyên/đề xuất rằng cái gì nên được làm

Someone suggested making the exam easier = someone suggested that the exam should be made easier

She recommended installing a phone = she recommended that a phone should be installed

  1. S+ V + V-ing = S + V + being done

He wore dark glasses to avoid people recognizing him = he wore dark glasses to avoid being recognized

She was afraid of someone attacking her = she was afraid of being attacked

  1. S + used to +V = S + used to be + pp2

She used to bring up children in a traditional way = children used to be brought in a traditional way

  1. people say that he is a spy It is said that he is a spy

                                                        He is said to be a spy

Những động từ khác cũng được sử dụng như cấu trúc này

Think (nghĩ rằng) / believe (tin)/ consider (cho rằng)/ understand/ expect (mong rằng)/ know/ report (thông báo)

People think that the ship is unsinkable = it is thought that the ship is unsinkable / the ship is thought to be unsinkable

  1. it’s possible / impossible to do sth = sth can/can’t be done

Nó là có thể hoặc không thể làm cái gì = cái gì đó có thể hoặc không thể được làm

It’s impossible to grow rice on such a poor soil = rice can’t be grown on such a poor soil

It’s possible to purify this water = this water can be purified

  1. it’s necessary/unnecessary to do sth = sth should / shouldn’t be done

It’s necessary to keep your feet warm = your feet should be kept warm

It’s unnecessary to learn the poem by heart = the poem shouldn’t be learnt by heart

  1. it’s one’s duty to do sth = sb tobe supposed to do sth

Trách nhiệm của ai đó phải làm gì = ai đó có trách nhiệm làm gì

It’s children’s duty to obey their parents = children are supposed to obey their parents =>

It’s your duty to solve this problem = you are supposed to solve this problem

  1. it’s essential to do sth/ it’s essential not to do sth = sth must be done/ sth musn’t be done

Cần thiết phải làm cái gì/ không cần thiết phải làm cái gì

It’s essential to send this letter by airmail = this letter must be sent by airmail

It’s essential not to damage the environment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG

Exercise for passive voice: special structures

  1. They would take care children better
  2. If it were lighter, I would take more photos
  3. If they had operated, they would have saved his life
  4. They would have helped him if they had known his condition
  5. People often see him leave home early
  6. Someone heard her sing late at light
  7. The teacher makes pupils learn by heart
  8. Someone saw him driving a car
  9. Everybody felt the house shaking
  10. No one has ever heard her singing
  11. The detective is watching them talking
  12. They let him do whatever he liked
  13. They won’t let you go in without an invitation
  14. Don’t let anyone read this letter
  15. He let his assistant deal with this matter
  16. I won’t let anyone tough this
  17. The coach wants to choose him for the national team
  18. She wants to feed the baby every 3 hours
  19. He doesn’t want anyone use his phone
  20. They arrange to meet ua by taxi
  21. They arrange to hold a meeting in thia city
  22. Someone suggested making the examination easier
  23. He recommended inviting only relatives
  24. She was afraid of someone attacking her
  25. They used to study this class
  26. She used to bring up children in a tradditional way
  27. You have to finish this work today
  28. They are having to dig a big hole
  29. People say that he is a spy
  30. People think that the rich are not always happy
  31. It’s possible to purify this water
  32. It’s impossible to replace him
  33. It’s essential to send this letter by airmail
  34. It’s nessesary to keep your feet warm
  35. It’s unnessary to learn the poem by heart
  36. It’s your duty to obey the rule
  37. People understand that knowledge is power
  38. They think I am lazy
  39. Is it necessary to wake him up?
  40. They used to teach children at home

EXERCISE 1: CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG.

1.They  told me that you were the best architect in this city.

2.She reported that the flowers were killed by frost.

3.Some people inform me that  the director is going to take a business trip to England.

4.That officer announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.

5.He discovered that  this cotton was grown in Egypt.

6.They promise that the performance will start on time.

7.He recommends that  we should stay at the city center.

8.We believed that Alice would pass the driving test.

9.The director notifies all the workers that they will  have to work extra hard  this month.

10.They have persuaded me that they will go with me to the stadium.

11.They have decided that the company will go to the beach together at the weekend.

12.People think that Maradona is the best football player  in the 20th century.

13.They find that the job is not suitable for a girl like her.

14.The teacher explained that this powerful engine pulled the train.

15.He told me that his football team had played well last season.

EXERCISE 2:CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG.

1.I had my nephew paint the gate last week.

2.She will have Peter wash her car tomorrow.

3.They have her tell the story again.

4.John gets his sister to clean his shirt.

5.Anne had had a friend type her composition.

6.Rick will have a barber cut his hair.

7.I will get the dressmaker to make a new dress.

8.He had a mechanic repair his car.

9.She often gets the technician to maintain the heater.

10.They had the police arrest the shoplifter.

11.Are you going to have the shoemaker repair your shoes?

12.I must have the dentist check my teeth.

13.She will have a veterinary surgeon examine her dog.

14.We had a man take this photograph when we were on holiday last summer.

15.The Greens had a carpet cleaner clean their carpet.

 

EXERCISE 3: CHUYỂN CÁC CÂU SAU SANG BỊ ĐỘNG.

  1. People believe that 13 is an unlucky number.
  2. They know that English is an international language.
  3. I have heard her sing this song several times..
  4. People saw him steal your car.
  5. They say that John is the brightest student in class.
  6. Open your book. / let your book be opened
  7. She advised me to sell that house.
  8. It is dangerous for us to take the short cut..
  9. They think that he has died a natural death. …
  10. He won’t let you do that silly thing again.
  11. He orders us to clean the floor.
  12. You must see it to believe it.
  13. People believe that the earth stood still.
  14. People don’t make the children work hard
  15. Don’t do that silly thing again.
  16. They begged us to help him

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key phần một số dạng đặc biệt của bị động

Key EXERCISE 1

  1. I was told that you were the architect in this city.
  2. It was reported that the flowers were killed by frost. / The flowers were reported to be killed by frost.
  3. I am informed that the director is going to take a business trip to England.
  4. It was announced that the meeting was delayed until next week.
  5. It was discovered that this cotton was grown in Egypt.
  6. It is promised that the performance will start on time.
  7. It is recommended that we should stay at the city center.
  8. It was believed that Alice would pass the driving test./ Alice was believed to pass the driving test.
  9. All the workers are notified that they will have to work extra hard this month.
  10. I have been persuaded that they will go with me to the stadium.
  11. It has been decided that the company will go to the beach together at the weekend.
  12. It is thought that Maradona is the best football player in the 20th century./ Maradona is thought to be the best football player in the 20th century.
  13. It is found that the job is not suitable for a girl like her./ The job is found to be not suitable for a girl like her.
  14. It was explained that this powerful engine pulled the train.
  15. I was told that his football team had played well last season.

 

EXERCISE 2

  1. I had the gate painted last week.
  2. She will have her car washed tomorrow.
  3. They have the story told again.
  4. John gets his shirt cleaned.
  5. Anne has had her composition typed.
  6. Rick will have his hair cut.
  7. I will get a new dress made.
  8. He had his car repaired.
  9. She often gets the heater maintained.
  10. They had the shoplifter arrested.
  11. Are you going to have your shoes repaired?
  12. I must have my teeth checked.
  13. She will have her dog examined.
  14. We had this photograph taken when we were on holiday last summer.
  15. The Greens had their carpet cleaned.

Exercise 3:

  1. It is believed that 13 is an…/ 13 is believed to be an unlucky number
  2. It is known that English is an…./ English is known to be an international language
  3. / she have heard this song to sing several times
  4. . / he was seen to steal your car
  5. ./ it is said that……/ john is said to be the brightest.
  6. . / let your book be opened
  7. . / I was advised to sell/ she advised me that house should be sold
  8. / it is dangerous for the short cut to be taken
  9. / it is said that he has…./ he is though to have died a natural
  10. / you won’t be let to do that….
  11. / we are order to clean../ he orders us that the floor should be cleaned.
  12. / is must be seen to be believed.
  13. / it is believed that the earth…/ the earth is believed to have stood still.
  14. . / the children are not made to work hard.
  15. / don’t let that silly thing to be done again.
  16. . / we were begged he should be helped